Equations of Motion and Partial Fractions

The question is asking you to find the equation of the displacement for the object (door+buffer) after the collision. You can find the displacement equation x(t) by first finding the equation of motion of the system post-collision, which is a 2nd order ODE (function of d(dx/dt)/dt), and then integrating. The question is asking you to use the method of partial fractions to solve that integral. 

Use a freebody diagram to aid this solution.


Answers can be viewed only if
  1. The questioner was satisfied and accepted the answer, or
  2. The answer was disputed, but the judge evaluated it as 100% correct.
View the answer

1 Attachment

  • A few questions regarding this solution. 1) On sheet 2 you say 'we have 𝑀 = π‘š + 0.1π‘š = 1.1π‘š (π‘˜π‘”)' - Where does this come from? 2) you then introduce πœ”n & πœ‰, where do these come from / what are they? 3) on page 3 you introduce A and B, what do these represent? 4) page 4 you say 'we have 𝑆in(πœ”π‘‘π‘‘) =(𝑒^π‘–πœ”π‘‘π‘‘ βˆ’ 𝑒^-π‘–πœ”π‘‘π‘‘) /2𝑖' where do we have this from? Im not sure i follow. Lastly 5) the question asks to solve this eqution using partial fractions?

    • 1) See the question, door has mass m, buff has mass 0.1m. This is total mass! 2) These are the same variables as introduced in the question. See the formula. These are given assumptions. 3) See a couple of lines before introducing A, comes from standard solution of the differential equation introduced before. 4) Similar to 2 and 4, also a given. 5) Yes, partial fraction is used. Google partial fractions and read more about it. Thanks.

  • Ok thanks for your quick response. Im still not entirley sure where the variables in 2) come from. what do πœ”n & πœ‰ stand for / mean?

    • Please go ahead and the chapter related to these concepts related to angular speed and motion. You can start with this: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angular_momentum

  • Thanks i will read through this, i guess im just a bit confused as to how this system has angular momentum when the door is sliding horizontally?

    • That is any speed snd motion not just angular.

  • Having read through this im still not really following what πœ‰ is and what wn are. with regards to the equation where we introduce πœ‰ why is there 2.2 on the bottom of fraction?

    • Do you know what πœ‰ is in the question? 2.2 is an assumption to get to get to the 2wn in the line after it .

  • If you read all those I sent and still confused about the solution, I am not sure how else I can help you understand the concepts and formulas related to this question. Sorry.

    • You need to read a lot basics in order to understand natural frequency, damped frequency, and dynamics and vibration in general. This is an advanced question which needs those background. I don’t think I can help you more given the time and bounty.

  • Ok i think for the most part i now follow this. 1 question i have though is at the stage where we let π‘₯ = 𝐴e^mt. Is π‘₯ = 𝐴e^mt a standard formula? As i cant see where we would derive this from? If it is standard formula what actually is it?

    • That is a standard solution of a differential equation in the form of shown in the solution I provided (e.g. aX"+bX'+cX=0).

  • Unlikely Plum, remember you said you’ll pay at least $30 for this complex question. I don’t think you’ve done that yet.

  • Wow! Good job β€œdeleted_account_60”, for only 10 dollars? Haha

The answer is accepted.
Join Matchmatician's Affiliate Marketing Program to earn up to 50% commission on every question your affiliated users ask or answer.