Rose curve

In the figure below you will see a "flower" with a green leaf limited by a closed simple curve, calculate the area of the curve:

 $$r(t)=(cos(5t)-cos(7t),sin(5t)+sin(7t)),$$
for $t\in (0,\pi/6)$. 

You can use the trigonometric formula : $\cos u \cos v= 1/2\cos(u+v)+1/2\cos(u-v)$.

Answer

Your curve is given by $r(t) = (x(t),\ y(t))$,
where

  • $\red{x(t) = cos(5t) - cos(7t)}$
  • $ \blue{y(t)= sin(5t) + sin(7t)}$

The area of the "petal" of interest will be given by
 $$A = \int_{\pi/6}^0 \red{x(t)}\blue{ y'(t)} dt $$
Remark: The intervals of the integral is define by the orientation of the curve.

Then, we need to compute $\blue{y'(t)}$,
$$\blue{y'(t) = 5 cos(5 t) + 7 cos(7 t) }$$,
so that the integral become,
$$A = \int_{\pi/6}^0 \red{\left( cos(5t) - cos(7t) \right)} \cdot \blue{\left(5 cos(5 t) + 7 cos(7 t)\right)}dt $$
$$\Rightarrow A =  -t+\frac{1}{2} \sin (2 t)+\frac{1}{4} \sin (10 t)+\frac{1}{12} \sin (12 t)-\frac{1}{4} \sin (14 t) \bigg|_{\pi/6}^0$$
$$\therefore A = \frac{\pi}{6}$$

The answer is accepted.